Dr. Yasin Abdi – August 2014
Africa as a continent accounts for 15% of the world’s population, yet bears 24% of the global disease burden according to World Health Organisation (WHO) figures. Despite the positive prognosis coming out of Africa in terms of its economic potential and growth, sadly Africa has the highest rates of infectious diseases such as Diarrhea, Malaria, Tuberculosis, Salmonellosis, shigellosis, Pneumonia, HIV/AIDS and Ebola haemoragic fever etc. Infectious diseases are responsible for 63-69% of all deaths in Africa; by comparison, in Europe infectious diseases trigger only 2% of deaths. The high rate of incidence of infectious disease shows in short life expectancy. On average, a resident of sub-Saharan Africa can expect to live only to the age of 46 years. It is the lowest for any region in the world, 14 years lower than in Asia, the next shortest-lived region.